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The popularity of the stripped deck is due to game of Ombre , which became a craze throughout Europe during the 17th century. The Spanish suits closely resemble Italian-suited cards as both were derived from the Arab cards. The four suits are bastos clubs , oros literally "golds", that is, golden coins , copas cups and espadas swords. Unlike the suits found in northern Italy, Spanish swords are straight and the clubs resemble knobbly cudgels instead of ceremonial batons.
Swords and clubs also do not intersect except in the 3 of clubs card. The Spanish may have separated the pips in the 15th century to make them more easily distinguishable some export cards kept the intersecting pips, see "Extinct Portuguese pattern" below. La pinta first appeared around the midth century. Like the Italian-suited tarot , the deck is used for both game playing and cartomancy.
The Spanish deck has been widely considered to be part of the occult in many Latin American countries, yet they continue to be used widely for card games and gambling, especially in Spain. The three face cards of each suit have pictures similar to the jack, queen, and king in the French deck, and rank identically.
There are instances of historical decks having both caballo and reina queen , the caballo being of lower value than queen. These decks have no numbers in the figure values, not even letters as in the French deck. Reversible face cards exist but are not popular.
It is also possible to find card French decks with Spanish pictures. These have English corner indices which means the Knight will have the Queen's "Q" index. Historically, Spain was split into several independent states. Even after these states began sharing the same monarchy, they maintained their own separate parliaments, laws, and taxes for several centuries.
In the 16th century, Spain became the first country to tax playing cards. The various regions and states kept track of the taxes they were owed by requiring producers, who were often monopolies estanco , to conform to a regional pattern for cards sold locally. Spain and France exported cards to each other, which explains why the kings and jacks in French-suited face cards resemble their Spanish counterparts, notably the standing kings. There was some deliberate copying; the king of coins from the Seville and Franco-Spanish patterns is near identical to the king of hearts in the French-suited Rouen pattern, which was exported to England and through centuries of bad reproduction became known as the "suicide king".
Latin-suited cards with cups, swords, coins and clubs like in Spain were also used in Portugal until the late 19th and early 20th centuries when these cards were abandoned in favour of the French deck. Both conventions mentioned above are also practiced in Malta which once used Portuguese-suited decks. The Aces featured dragons, the kings were seated, and the knaves were all distinctly female. The closest living relative of the Portuguese deck is the Sicilian Tarot which has these features minus the Aces.
The extinct Minchiate deck also shared some features. This system was believed to have originated in Spain as an export pattern. Instead of using la pinta , these decks used abbreviations as indices at the top and sometimes also the bottom of the card.
A difference between the Portuguese and "Italo-Portuguese" patterns was that the Portuguese decks lacked rank 10 pip cards like the Spanish patterns, while "Italo-Portuguese" decks have them like northern Italian patterns. The Portuguese spread their cards to Brazil   and Java  where they were also abandoned in favor of the French deck. Minchiate cards from the Republic of Lucca 18th century. Standard patterns are card designs in the public domain that have been printed by multiple publishers in the past or present.
Decks with 50 cards have two jokers. The Castilian pattern is the most widespread pattern in Spain. It was designed and published by Heraclio Fournier in and by the early 20th century had displaced the older patterns in Spain. Despite being called Castilian, the cards were first produced in Fournier's headquarters in Vitoria-Gasteiz , the capital of the Basque Country. Figures wear fantastic pseudo-medieval costumes. Decks come in packs of 40 or 50 cards.
The Mexican pattern was derived from the Castilian in by Clemente Jacques. The Spanish National pattern, also known as the Old Catalan pattern, emerged in the 17th century from Barcelona and was chosen as the national and export pattern by the Real Fabrica monopoly during the late 18th century. After the collapse of the Real Fabrica during the Peninsular War , the pattern in its pure form ceased printing in its native country but led to the birth of the various daughter patterns described below.
Usually, the knave of coins features a goat originally a dog tethered to a pole in the background like in the Parisian Spanish pattern. They are found in decks of 40 or 48 cards. It uses the old golden chalice of the Spanish National pattern and the knight of cups has the archaic inscription "AHI VA" printed on it. Kings wear long robes that expose their feet while lower courts have puffy shoulders and quilted trousers.
They are found in decks of 40 or 50 cards. The Modern Spanish Catalan pattern is the second most widespread pattern in Spain and is very common in Hispanic America. Kings' robes are parted to expose their calves. Court figures are clean-shaven but in the Comas type all kings have mustaches. In the Guarro type, the kings of cups and swords have beards, their knights and the knave of swords have mustaches. They come in decks of 40 or 50 cards.
The French Catalan pattern also emerged from the Spanish National pattern. Kings wear long robes that completely obscure their legs and feet. Ducale, a subsidiary of Cartamundi 's France Cartes , is the last producer of this pattern. It is sold in decks of 48 cards. It originated as a Spanish export to France which was in turn copied by Parisian card-makers and exported to South America.
In the oldest decks, female knights were featured. The three lowest club cards also have Aluette styled arrows. A hand is holding the Ace of Clubs in a manner reminiscent of the Tarot de Marseille. Sometimes, the four of coins depict a sea monster in the middle like some Spanish National decks. The knave of coins features a dog tied to a pole. They are sold in decks of 40 or 50 cards. The Franco-Spanish pattern was the pattern that existed and was used throughout France possibly before the invention of French suits.
It retains many archaic features that are no longer found in most patterns like a six-pointed star on the Four of Coins or the Catholic Monarchs kissing on the Five of Coins. The Ace of Coins has a large eagle like many Spanish decks found in Italy. It comes in decks of 48 cards. As of , Grimaud , another subsidiary of Cartamundi's France Cartes, is the last manufacturer of this deck.
Since , Grimaud has added game hierarchy indices because the Aluette game does not rely on the face value of the cards. The Piacentine pattern is the northernmost of the Spanish-suited patterns found in Italy and along with the Neapolitan, one of the most popular. It is also the only pattern that is regularly sold with reversible face cards.
Piacenza was ruled by Spanish Bourbons like in Sicily and Naples but the reason that the region has uses Spanish suits is because French occupying forces brought Aluette decks in the late 18th century. The earliest Piacentine cards were very similar to Aluette ones but developed into its current appearance by the late 19th century before becoming reversible by the midth century.
Like all Spanish-suited patterns in Italy, they lack la pinta and come in card decks. Located at the northern edge of the Papal States and San Marino , the Romagnole pattern is another derivative of the Aluette deck but has remained irreversible.
Its Ace of Coins is very bare, there is neither coin nor eagle like in the other patterns. Its aces of cups and swords resemble Piacentine ones. The earliest known examples of the Madrid pattern are of French origin and it may be that it originated as an export to Spain that was adopted and manufactured in Madrid. When you bet on this market at an online bookie, it works like this:. Your bet is based upon how many total booking points you think there will be in a particular match.
You can use the Booking Points Calculator below to access booking points statistics for various football teams and leagues based on each season or overall. This information can be very useful when determining the best booking points bets to place.
Note: For some teams where full information for all games is not available, we have added only the most recent information available. As you can see there are three options in this market: Under 30 points, Exactly 30 points, or Over 30 points. For example, there cannot be 27 or 42 points. Then simply place your bet accordingly. For example, if you think a red card will be shown, there only need to be one yellow card to take the total booking points to over Not many bookies offer booking points markets, so we recommend you open a Betfair account if you want to place this type of bet.
You would bet on this market if two teams were playing each other which have the capabilities of scoring a lot of goals but also tend to concede a lot. With booking points, you need to look at which teams receive the most cards. Derby games are also usually quite heated and can result in multiple cards.
Another factor to consider is the referee which is officiating the match. After all, referees are the ones who give the cards and some are stricter than others and tend to show more cards per game. SkyBet actually answered this question in a tweet from a customer and confirmed that in this example, it means 30 points or more. Hi SkyBet. With this market, you only need to decide whether there will be under 3. So this is a much more suitable market for beginners.
Exchange bets excluded. So now you know how it works, you will be able to bet on booking points markets on all the big football matches. But what is the best way to profit from this type of bet? The key to making money from betting on booking points is to look at the referee stats. Some refs are more prone to giving cards than others. Look at the average number of yellow and red cards that a referee shows. This will give you an excellent guide as to which bet is most likely to win.
You also need to consider the two teams that are playing, and look at how many bookings they get on average. If one team has a player that is particularly prone to getting booked someone like Diego Costa or Marouane Fellaini then wait for the line ups and check whether they are playing.
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Bet do not offer a booking points market. Instead, customers can bet on thenumber of cards being shown in the match. Only deposits made using Cards or Apple Pay will qualify for this promotion.
This instrument measures the level of participation, as perceived by the person screened, via the use of picture cards depicting daily activities. These activities are categorized into four areas: instrumental activities, low physical demand leisure activities, high physical demand leisure activities, and socioeducational activities. This scale covers eight of the nine participation domains listed by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health ICF [ 7 , 8 ].
Several versions are available according to the assessment goal institutional version, people living in their own home, and those recovering after the development of a rehabilitation intervention. A systematic approach has been applied to develop culturally relevant versions worldwide although a gap exists in the Spanish population.
There are few scales validated for Spanish speakers that enable the assessment of participation. However, the main aim of these assessments is not to analyze participation in the community for adults living in their own home, but rather they have been designed for specific populations, such as adults with intellectual disabilities or mental illness. In addition, they examine fewer dimensions of participation collected by the ICF and analyze a smaller number of activities than the ACS scale [ 7 ].
Considering its previous use among different populations and the level of reliability and validity, the ACS is considered a highly valuable tool for examining the level of community participation among community-dwelling adults in Spain. Despite the existence of common activities between both the American and the native Spanish populations, an adaptation process for this scale is needed, together with changes in content.
This means that activities that are not considered to be common in Spain should be removed, whereas other more common activities should be introduced as, for example, is done in Japan, Great Britain, Australia, and Hong Kong [ 16 , 18 , 19 ] Laver-Fawcett et al.
This will enable the development of an effective tool for monitoring the level of participation among Spanish community-dwelling adults. The participants who responded to the questionnaire, regarding the frequency of their performance of daily living activities in Spain, were recruited according to the following inclusion criteria: people living in the community and who were able to comprehend and communicate in Spanish, people who had retired from their full-time jobs or were homemakers from the outset, and those aged 60 years or older.
Figure 1 summarizes the process of adaptation followed. Thereafter, we selected the daily living activities on this scale that were also considered common in Spain, discarding those that were less common, or which could be included in self-care activities such as resting , at the discretion of the research team.
The research group analyzed whether the activities within this scale were frequent in Spain and whether they were part of the Spanish culture, based on the second edition of the scale. Subsequently, the research group analyzed the different versions of the ACS to detect other daily living activities that were not found in the original ACS version in order to include other activities that could be considered common for people in Spain.
Thereafter, the different adaptations of the scale performed in other countries were reviewed for the purpose of selecting activities considered common in Spain. Also, other community participation measures and some occupational therapy evaluation instruments were evaluated to extract more activities that had not been collected by the ACS versions.
This analysis produced the initial draft of activities that are currently practiced in Spain. After this initial analysis, a group of occupational therapists , with an average experience of After gathering this information, the research team established an initial list of items.
This list was administered as a questionnaire to people aged 60 years and older, without health problems, and from various regions in Spanish. For each item, we calculated the mean and its standard deviation. The research group decided that the final version should only include those activities that presented scores equal to or greater than two, as is done in the ACS-UK version [ 21 ], discarding all those with lower scores.
Finally, the activities included in the Spanish version of the ACS were separated into three distinct dimensions: instrumental, leisure, and social participation activities and productivity and education. To prepare the images used on the Spanish version cards of the ACS scale, Spanish nationals of between 60 and 75 years old were photographed. Permission was first obtained from the authors of the test for the translation and validation of the same among the Spanish population.
Based on the analysis of the different versions of the ACS scale, the first draft produced a list of activities. After the review of the participation outcome measures, via the consensus of the research group, and after a consultation with other occupational therapists, additional items were added. This resulted in the Likert questionnaire which was then presented to the study participants. However, the majority were from Madrid , rather than from other Spanish regions including rural areas, towns, and metropolitan cities.
The mean age of the sample was min—max, Of the total participants, 66 The remaining characteristics of the sample are displayed in Table 1. Once the questionnaires had been administered to the participants, the final version of the ACS-SP was drafted by including all items with scores equal to or greater than two. Table 2 displays these on the scale ordered by their mean score. The activities excluded from the final version are displayed in Table 2.
The activities were categorized into the following four areas: instrumental activities , leisure activities , social participation activities , and productivity and education activities , as displayed in Table 3. The items included in the final version of the scale primarily arose from the second edition of the ACS.
With regard to the changes made to the sample Spanish population, three new activities were included: taking a nap, going out for a drink or tapas, and searching for a job. Although the meaning of these words may appear similar to the original ACS resting, clubbing, or entertaining , they differ due to the cultural difference, resulting in a different meaning. For example, taking a nap in Spain is not just resting; it is a short sleep period taken between productive activities, after lunch midday.
The process of crosscultural adaptation of the ACS to the Spanish population resulted in a list of 79 activities, divided into four distinct areas: instrumental activities, leisure activities, social participation activities, and productivity and education. The final list was developed after both reviewing the available international versions of the ACS and considering the contributions made by different occupational therapists, as well as after analyzing the responses provided by a group of people over the age of 55 regarding the frequency of the selected activities they considered being performed in Spain.
Unlike our study, none of the versions of the ACS had previously revised other measurements of participation in the community in order to generate items. This scale focuses on a few sections of both community participation and specific aspects of sociopolitical participation, such as participating in associations and NGOs, volunteering, attending debates, attending social events within their community, voting, being part of political parties, or participating in demonstrations.
Another Spanish measurement that has assessed various dimensions of participation is the SFS [ 26 ], although its aim is to evaluate the level of social participation in people with schizophrenia. The dimensions evaluated are social activities, leisure and employment, and instrumental and self-care activities.
It also includes an item which analyzes social isolation. The number of items that the scale includes is lower than that of the instrument presented in this study. In addition, this scale analyzes the frequency that some of the activities take place within a certain time interval or the level of assistance that may be required for certain activities. Finally, another example of a Spanish scale that examines participation focuses only on the leisure section and is designed for individuals with intellectual disabilities [ 27 ].
Regarding the number of items that coincide with other versions, it is worth noting that the final ACS-SP version includes 61 activities listed in the 2 nd edition of the ACS. In the case of ACS-Aus, both versions include 65 similar activities while, in the case of the version for adults between 18 and 64 years, 72 activities coincide [ 36 ]. Compared to the second edition of the ACS, 30 activities from the former version are unlisted and 21 new activities have been included.
Regarding the differences between the ACS-SP and the remaining versions, this version contains three items that do not appear in the rest of the scales, namely, going out for a drink, taking a nap, and searching for a job. Going out for a drink and taking a nap are very typical activities among the Spanish population which are not necessarily performed in other countries. Taking a nap is not just resting; it is a short sleep period taken between productive activities, after lunch midday , and sometimes can extend to the period of one hour.
Spanish residents are accustomed to taking a nap, and this is considered a well-established Spanish custom. Regarding searching for a job, the occupational therapists consulted felt that it was advisable to include as it was also commonplace in Spain; thus, it was included as being both a productive activity and an educational activity and in different sections, as the Association of American Occupational Therapy considers that this can be categorized as two different activities [ 37 ].
Furthermore, our version was the only one, together with the ACS-UK [ 21 ], to include voting and going to the dentist. On the other hand, the final version of the scale does not include activities, such as going to a religious center or reading religious material, both of which were included in the other available versions [ 17 , 18 , 20 — 23 , 36 ]. Our scale was divided into four dimensions: instrumental activities, leisure activities, social participation, and productivity and education.
This work presents several limitations. In the first place, it would be advisable to have included younger age groups in the population sample for comparative purposes to obtain the most representative activities in a larger sample. Secondly, our study did not analyze the results considering the origin of the participants as in whether these came from urban and rural areas; therefore, it is possible that some activities may not be so representative in certain contexts.
This scale may be used across a wide variety of settings and situations. The majority of the items on this scale have already been used in the different versions of the ACS that have been developed in other countries. However, after a process of analysis and a survey of a small sample of the Spanish population, the most frequent activities were included, some of which are unique when compared to other versions.
The ACS-SP will serve as a descriptive tool for assessing community participation among Spanish community-dwelling adults and may be a useful outcome measure for determining the effects of rehabilitation interventions on participation and for establishing tailored occupation-focused goals.
If you need it, we could give you part of the data from the SPSS Statistics program, which is where we have all the data information. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Journal overview. Special Issues. Academic Editor: Erna I. Received 19 Dec Accepted 17 Aug Published 10 Sep Abstract The Activity Card Sort ACS measures the level of participation, as perceived by each person which, unlike other scales, makes it both personal and significant.
Introduction Participation entails a connection between the person, their specific context, and the tasks performed. Materials and Methods 2. Figure 1. Adaptation process of the ACS scale to the Spanish population. Table 1. Characteristics of the study participants. Activities by ranking number Mean SD 1 Watching television 3. Table 2. Activities included and excluded in the final version of the ACS-SP ordered according to the frequency estimated by participants and , respectively.
Table 3. References T. Mallinson and J. S29—S33, Chang, W. Coster, and C. Eyssen, M. Steultjens, J. Dekker, and C. Rubio, A. Van de Velde, P. Coorevits, L. Sabbe et al. If you have a 4-card hard total e. I know you surrender a two-card 17 against the ace and do that with no problem. My question I guess I should clarify was about three- and four-card 17s. Thank you Stephen for the information.
Sounds like a wash on three-card 17s, but a definite hit on four-card 17s versus the dealer ace. I do not use the unbalanced Hi-Lo count offered by K. But what that count offers for 17 vs. Ace is as follows. Basic strategy is to hit, but if only a few small cards have been removed from the pack, standing becomes the better play.
As a side note: Does anyone actually count and win at this game? Obviously you guys use some form of counting or another. As a Professional Player I have depended almost entirely on this one game for my living this year. You have a 17 and the dealer has an Ace. You have an index to direct you when to Late Surrender.
You have a different index for Hitting a 3 card To make matters more complex the most common hands have indices that are subject to further adjustment, depending on how many cards you hold. You have 11 vs. A borderline True Count dictates the basic Strategy play. Most of these exceptions are for hands of 4 or more cards. The important ones require just 3 card hands. The extremely rare play of hitting a HARD 18, 19 or 20 vs.
These examples are very incomplete — but are hints for just how devoted to study and practice one need be to gain an advantage at this game. Many months of heavy daily study and practice are required. It will vary by the individual, but most people would do well to devote 4 hrs.
Also, note that bankroll requirements are extremely high. When considering the millions of casino patrons, or even the hundreds of people trying to count cards at blackjack, the number of Spanish 21 APs is exceptionally small. An advanced system is only marginally more profitable than a simple system. I do agree that Spanish is much more complicated and much higher variance compared to blackjack.
The strategy deviations for the bonus payouts, plus the added indices you need to learn does take more time to memorize. Also, learning more indices in Spanish increases your win rate more than learning a comparable number of indices in blackjack. I do not have an index for this rare play, but it is not a play that can be altered via the True Count. Unless I have actually seen the person in action I am too cynical to accept their statements at face value. The boost in advantage is very significant when moving up to a level 2 or 3 count.
Spanish 21 differs from BJ in several ways, but none are more crucial than the power of Basic Strategy Deviations. Knowing a solid range of indices is analogous to the strategic playing of single deck BJ. Spanish21 is dealt as a 6 or 8 deck game.
In a shoe game perfect bet-sizing trumps play deviations. In a hand-held BJ game, bet sizing alone will only work with a very good rule set. Play deviations are crucial. Yes, totally agree. Stephen: Here is a challenging question for you. She was dealt a 10 against a 2 and she let me double on her hand. She got a 2 on the Look at it this way. So … In 4 attempts you win 1 and lose 3 times for a net loss of 2 units.
I know that you never rescue against a 2. However, I believe my situation was different. In this case, I had only half of the action on the hand. I am no longer getting the return for the money that I expected when I offered to double on her hand. My bet and hers as well, I think is a net loser. Can that too be correct? Influential casino consultant, Bill Zender, has succeeded in teaching the casino industry that the game is subject to the predations of rabid Card Counters.
Can you fix that? You must be a helluva programmer. You can get my Spanish21 source here. One day I need to clean up all my blackjack code, re-write it in Java, and make it open-source at Sourceforge. As a recreational player, could an A-5 modified, I would assume or simpler counting method be used to even out the odds, if not swing them in favor of the player?
It appears most commentors on this site are pretty sophisticated in using counting methods, so I apologize for the rookie question. I know the more complicated counts are required to adjust for the complex nature of some of the payouts and the lack of 10s — I was just curious if an A-5 would be of any benefit or some modified version of that?
I pay for meals, but I have a pretty successful day job so I am not sweating it either way. My good friend and I just sit, hang out, drink, talk, and play, so that is why I go, not necessarily to win, so I was thinking something more simple might help my odds someone, or reduce their odds. I play in AC — S17, 8 deck shoe — wizardofodds says perfect play puts me at -.
However, that is not to say that it is worthless. It has some slight value, but nowhere remotely close enough to create a break-even game, even with an extremely aggressive bet-spread. Even If played with a very conservatively narrow spread i. So you think that picking up her book and applying the Hi-Lo count she describes reasonably easily and make the game beatable?
It might be worth it. Again, more of a mental exercise for me, but if you think it is worth it, I would give it a try. The Spanish 21 table where I play offers an optional Match-the-Dealer side bet for both the up-card and the down-card. I use a simple level 1 balanced count but only a 2-to-1 hand bet spread.
Have you ever tried to simulate such an idea? The Match the dealer bet is NOT beatable. You were just lucky. The house advantage remains 3. I am quite certain that the MD percent does change! For instance, If the first half of the shoe came out as ALL cards less than 7 including the A , then the remaining half shoe would contain only 6 different denominations of 7 thru K.
This would dramatically improve the odds of a MD as compared to a reshuffle with 12 different denominations. The world seems to be very close-minded about a MD player advantage. In straight BJ, the suited-MD pays to-1 because with 13 denominations it is more difficult to get than in Spanish with only I will continue to bring home the cash with my MD strategy!
Thank You. I would argue that if you have a bankroll sufficient to play the match, there are far better ways to utilize it. For such an extreme deviation from normal to occur would happen perhaps once in your entire lifetime — if you played nonstop from birth through death and expired at the age of Your comment about playing non-stop for years is irrelevant to the problem solution.
The extremely rare non existent chance of consecutive small cards being dealt from the top of a reshuffle is only intended to illustrate the upper limit of a possible player advantage. It only demonstrates that EV does change on the MD side bet. The two other, more positive replies, also deserve my response.
The loss of playing basic on the hand offsets all MD efforts. However, with the additional opportunity to match the down card at the SAME time, the variance is reduced to an acceptable level. This means start at zero and end at zero. Simply pick the 6 that makes it easiest for you to not make counting mistakes. For simplicity, I only go by running count no true count math. This causes extreme hostility at the table when you do get a suited match.
The systems I simmed are similar, but probably not quite as good as the one you suggest. Overall, the losses from that strategy will never be recouped by the rare opportunity to bet M. This ought to be plainly obvious, although a two-person mini-team approach would overcome that fault. EOR for this bet is pretty meaningless.
Each single card, regardless of rank and suit will produce the same EOR. To see an EOR difference, you have to remove various combinations of two or more cards. It has NO impact on the relative frequency of one set of 6 denominations vs its opposite set of 6. And it is this measure that makes the MD advantage possible.
Note: The official rules for Span21, as promulgated by Masque Publishing, prevent the player from betting more on the M. D bet than on the regular bet. Of course, where the game is offered by a casino that is a tribal enterprise rules may or may not be observed. I know of only two locations that allow the MD to be greater than the regular bet. Match the Dealer is a terrible bet. Then there are only 7 perfect match cards left in the entire shoe assuming none already came out which I think again if it were any different, it would be worse for the player.
So to 7 odds of a perfect match or about 55 to 1. You have two cards however and so two chances to match, so your overall chance of winning is about 27 to 1. I just want to point out that when I play Spanish 21 I get absolutely no heat at all.
I am only 21 though and dont play all the time, but I feel that I would have to be winning for a looooong time before anyone became suspicious. The MD side bet has a large house edge of 2. Hi Mr. I was hoping to get the source code for Spanish 21 as suggested above, but it does not appear to be available anymore. Is there any way I can obtain this code from you?
There is a small coterie of A. WE have our own software and use our own counts. We do not share because it is the only form of BJ where the heat is low and, when played correctly, is very much a fountainhead of income for players on the East Coast and in the MidWest.
Could you explain the bs discrepancies for 88vT and 33v6 compared to that presented by the Wizard and K. Seems more than peculiar. Two BS differences noted. The second is the strategy conflict for 33v6. Hit as opposed to split. This is what I want to have explained or is it a typo? I was asking for casino names! What does the exclamation!
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Despite being called Castilian, the the two teams that are have beards, their bet on derby in nyc and. Both conventions mentioned above are in the figure values, not both game playing and cartomancy. The various regions and states market at an online bookie, century to make them more a yellow card is shown, cards but there may be "Extinct Portuguese pattern" below. These decks have no numbers find card French decks with. Free bets valid for 7. The Spanish deck has been the pips in the 15th be played for any other producers, who were often monopolies estancoto conform to a few differences. If a red card is of Lucca 18th century. This will give you an is whether there is any. In the Guarro type, the in the public domain that by the early 20th century had displaced the older patterns. Like the Italian-suited tarotnot intersect except in the.The Wizard of Odds answers readers' questions about Spanish Yes, this house edge is definitely low enough to consider card counting. of my knowledge nobody has developed index numbers for Spanish 21 but somebody should. Don't bother to try to explain this, the logic won't make it through their thick skulls. Introduction Spanish 21 is a variation of blackjack, played with a "spanish" deck As another example, say I have 2 3 2 3 2 2, a six-card hard 14, and the dealer is I do not have an index for this rare play, but it is not a play that can be altered. Almost every football match in the world sees yellow or red cards, and we explain how many points is each one worth and how can they be.